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Gonarthrosis: Understanding Knee Osteoarthritis

Gonartrosis: Comprendiendo la Artrosis de Rodilla
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    Introduction to Gonarthrosis

    The knee is not just a joint; it’s the pillar supporting most of our body’s weight, allowing us to run, jump, squat, and walk. However, like everything in life, constant use and the passage of time can leave their mark, and that’s where gonarthrosis, also known as knee osteoarthritis, comes into play.

    This condition, which affects millions of people worldwide, can be a real obstacle to maintaining an active and healthy lifestyle. Below, we will analyze its causes, symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment options.

    Causes of Gonarthrosis

    Gonarthrosis occurs when the joint cartilage that helps the knee surfaces glide smoothly wears away or becomes damaged. Causes can vary, including natural aging, previous injuries such as fractures or ligament tears, and joint diseases like rheumatoid arthritis.

    Associated Risk Factors

    Several factors can increase the risk of developing gonarthrosis. Age is the most significant, as natural wear and tear are more common as people age. Other factors include obesity, which puts additional stress on the joints, genetics, female gender, and certain occupations that involve repetitive movements or weight-bearing.

    Symptoms of Gonarthrosis

    Common symptoms include pain that worsens with joint movement or at the end of the day, stiffness especially after periods of inactivity, and a decrease in knee mobility.

    Common Signs of Joint Deterioration

    In addition to pain and stiffness, other signs may include audible cracking or grinding when moving the knee, joint swelling, and visible joint deformity.

    Causas De La Gonartrosis

    Diagnosis of Gonarthrosis

    Diagnosis begins with a detailed clinical evaluation, where the knee is examined, and the patient’s symptoms and medical history are discussed.

    Diagnostic Techniques and Tools

    To confirm the diagnosis and assess the extent of joint damage, X-rays, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and arthroscopy, which allows direct visualization of the joint interior, may be employed.

    Available Treatments for Gonarthrosis

    Treatment for gonarthrosis aims to relieve pain and improve mobility. Options range from conservative measures to surgical interventions.

    Conservative Options

    Conservative options include physiotherapy, which helps strengthen the muscles around the knee, the use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), as well as supplements like glucosamine and chondroitin. Additionally, weight reduction can be highly beneficial.

    Surgical Treatments

    In more advanced cases, procedures such as arthroscopy to clean the joint, osteotomy to correct knee misalignments, or total knee arthroplasty to replace the damaged joint with an artificial one may be considered.

    Pain and Mobility Management

    Pain management can be achieved through medication, heat or cold therapies, and relaxation techniques. For mobility, it is crucial to stay active within comfort limits and follow the physiotherapist’s instructions.

    Tratamientos Disponibles Para La Gonartrosis

    Strategies for Pain Reduction

    In addition to the mentioned treatments, practices like acupuncture and the application of topical anti-inflammatory creams are very useful.

    Improvement of Joint Functionality

    The key to improving joint function lies in a combination of appropriate medical treatment, moderate physical activity, and orthopedic support if necessary.

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