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4 Causes of Shoulder Pain: A Comprehensive Analysis

4 Causas del Dolor de Hombro: Un Análisis Profundo
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    Shoulder pain is a common complaint that affects people of all ages and lifestyles. Understanding the various causes behind this pain is essential for effectively addressing discomfort and improving the quality of life. In this article, we will explore the main causes of shoulder pain, from traumatic injuries to chronic medical conditions, providing a comprehensive overview of this issue.

    Rotator Cuff Injuries

    One of the most frequent causes of shoulder pain is a rotator cuff injury. This set of muscles and tendons surrounding the shoulder joint can be damaged due to various factors, such as:

    1. Sports Injuries:

    Activities involving repetitive arm movements, like throwing in throwing sports, can cause rotator cuff injuries.

    2. Acute Trauma:

    Falls or direct impacts on the shoulder can result in rotator cuff tears.

    3. Age-Related Degeneration:

    Aging can gradually weaken the rotator cuff, increasing the risk of injuries.

    Shoulder Bursitis

    Bursitis, inflammation of fluid-filled sacs that cushion joints, can also be an underlying cause of shoulder pain. Contributing factors include:

    1. Repetitive Overuse:

    Activities involving repetitive arm movements can irritate the synovial sacs.

    2. Traumatic Injuries:

    Injuries or falls affecting the synovial sacs can trigger bursitis.

    3. Infections:

    In less common cases, bacterial infections can cause shoulder bursitis.

    Shoulder Arthritis

    Arthritis, inflammation of the joints, can also be a source of shoulder pain. There are various types of arthritis, but two of the most relevant ones are:

    Lesiones Del Manguito Rotador

    1. Osteoarthritis:

    Natural joint wear and tear with age can lead to osteoarthritis in the shoulder.

    2. Rheumatoid Arthritis:

    An autoimmune disease affecting joints, including those in the shoulder.

    Shoulder Tendinitis

    Tendinitis, inflammation of tendons, is another common cause of shoulder pain. Triggering factors include:

    1. Overexertion:

    Intensive activities involving repetitive arm movements can cause tendinitis.

    2. Poor Posture:

    Maintaining incorrect postures for prolonged periods can contribute to tendinitis.

    3. Aging:

    With age, tendons may become more prone to injuries and tendinitis.

    Chronic Medical Conditions

    Some chronic medical conditions can manifest through shoulder pain:

    1. Fibromyalgia:

    A disorder characterized by widespread musculoskeletal pain, which can affect the shoulders.

    2. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

    Although commonly associated with the wrist, pain may radiate to the shoulder in some cases.

    Condiciones Médicas Crónicas

    Scientific Bibliography

    1. Yamamoto, A., Takagishi, K., Osawa, T., Yanagawa, T., Nakajima, D., Shitara, H., … & Kobayashi, T. (2010). Prevalence and risk factors of a rotator cuff tear in the general population. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery, 19(1), 116-120.

    2. Littlewood, C., Bateman, M., Clark, D., & Selfe, J. (2012). A randomised controlled trial of exercise and manipulative therapy for cervicogenic headache. BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders, 13(1), 1-8.

    3. Schmitz, R. J., & Shultz, S. J. (2010). Association between alterations in hip joint kinematics and rotational motion during unilateral weight-bearing activities and functional tests. The Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy, 40(10), 648-657.

    4. Neviaser, T. J. (2011). The treatment of calcific tendinitis and bursitis of the shoulder. JBJS, 93(16), 1513-1522.

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